“Our society and its educational institutions seem to have lost sight of the basic purposes of schooling. This is hardly surprising, given the multitude of often conflicting demands we have placed on our Nation’s schools” A Nation at Risk – 1983
If you have been around the education sector a while you probably noticed that what is trending are simply makeovers from the past.
Horace Mann in the 1800s advocated for civic responsibility and character education. Now we call it bullying prevention and restorative justice.
John Dewey in the early 1900s advocated for hands-on experiences: Get involved, try out your ideas, learn by doing. Now we call it project-based learning. (note that Maria Montessori built her practices on this. Jerome Bruner called it Discovery Learning which led to Constructivism.)
Modular learning from the 1970s was individualized learning based on student choice and individual pacing. It was based on Helen Parkhurst’s work (circa 1914). Now we call it personalized learning.
The foundations of collaborative learning are based on Lev Vygotsky’s (early 1900s) emphasis on the inherent nature of social learning.
Competency-based learning evolved from Benjamin Bloom’s Mastery Learning and his “whole child” taxonomies of the 1950s in the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains.
Even new learning technologies are based on Skinner’s self-directed learning through immediate feedback and correction.
Maybe norm references tests and open classrooms will be making a come-back soon.
“Those who don’t learn from history are destined to repeat it” George Santayana